Psoriasis is a chronic auto-immune disease that appears on the skin. It occurs when the immune system sends out faulty signals that speed up the growth cycle of the skin cells. This is a problem that is fast increasing. Both adults and children are equally affected and it is a rare disorder in the case of children. The scalp is a common site for the occurrence of the problem, but it can also affect other parts of the body wherever there are folds of the skin like the elbows, knees and the likes. Psoriasis gives rise to a host of psychological problems and these vary in their degree and intensity depending on the individual, his age, mental ability to cope, support systems, etc. Unwillingness to socialize or to have sexual relations may be a fall-out of psoriasis and trichologists often have to double up as psychologists to help the patient out of this personal crisis.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
- Excessive flaking of scalp with constant irritation.
- Dry rough patches appearing in hairline, behind ears, in eyebrows and at times on sides of nostrils.
- In advanced stages of the disorder folds of skin on body may also show involvement,
- On peeling of scales, scalp may start bleeding.
- Exposure to sun causes intense burning of the scalp.
- History of Autoimmune disorders in family
- After acute illness
- After stressful period
- Injury to scalp ( Koebner Phenomenon)
Psoriasis is of autoimmune nature. One can have long periods of remission and the aim of the treatment is to control the severity and frequency of the symptoms without administering any steroidal agents.
- After a careful physical and Capilloscopy examination the severity if the disorder is assessed.
- Topical emollients are given to soothe the inflamed scalp.
- Advice to stop oiling since oil many times causes aggravation.
- Any commercial product is advised to be refrained from as the scalp is very sensitive.
- If needed a specific amino acid is given in therapeutic dosage only after ruling out uncontrolled blood pressure and increased levels of uric acid.
- Guidance is given on cautions to be followed so as avoid any relapses.
Scalp Psoriasis is a chronic auto-immune disease which appears on the skin of the body and the scalp as well. It actually occurs when the body’s immune system sends out faulty signals to the skin which in turn leads to really fast turnover of the skin cells.Generally it takes around 21 days for the whole skin to get replaced from bottom to top but in scalp psoriasis affected area the skin cell turn over reduces to as less as three to four days.
This problem is becoming more prominent these days as the problem responds to lots of stress that one faces in their day to day life.Other than stress there are other aggravating factors of psoriasis are viral or bacterial infections, trauma, and injury to the skin, exposure to any foreign substance or chemical treatment.Symptoms of scalp psoriasis are that it appears in the form of typical silvery white scales and also the surrounding areas appear red as well as inflamed.
It generally appears in the form of oval small patches and they are generally 5cms in size when it gets started. Further as it progresses it becomes irregular in shape and then also becomes larger. Even the color changes to red, brown or even purple.Dry scales are really adherent to the skin below and they do not come out very easily. The red patches beneath the surfaces become apparent when the scales are removed with some force. In fact scratching the skin may even cause the skin to bleed.
The scales are also seen behind the ears, inside the ears, on the eyebrows and the eyelashes as well.One can see lots of fluctuations in the severity of the scalp psoriasis based on once life style and exposure to stress. Winter really aggravates psoriasis to a very great extent.Scratching is commonly seen with those who have got psoriasis and some of them also complain of increase in the hair fall problem when the scalp psoriasis is really severe.
In very severe scalp psoriasis one finds the scales all over the shoulders especially when the patient scratches their head.Some times in a rare case one may find alopecia patches along with psoriasis as both are autoimmune related problems. Auto immune diabetes, thyroid issues are also seen more commonly with psoriasis.To know more about Scalp Psoriasis symptoms and treatment and also about hair loss due to SCALP PSORIASIS make sure to consult a trichologist.
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