Dandruff is a scalp problem caused by the flaking of skin tissues of the scalp, resulting in white flakes appearing all over the scalp and on the hair shafts.

Dandruff is the most common problem that affects everyone at some point in their lives, since flaking is a natural process of peeling of dead skin cells that are peeled off by the scalp. And dandruff’s natural existence cannot be completely eliminated; it’s the high and chronic levels of dandruff that need attention.


  • Itching of scalp
  • Flaking of scalp
  • Sudden outbreak of acne
  • Increased hair fall with every stroke


  • Poor hygiene
  • Leaving hair oiled for days
  • Working under arc lights
  • Frequent exposure to harsh chemicals
  • Using scarves or bandanas constantly
  • Exposure to hard water
  • Exposure to bad weather conditions


Dandruff is a controllable disorder and not a disease to have cure. Patient education is most important in treating this problem.


  • Regular Capilloscopy examination is done to check the scalp & type of dandruff.
  • According to assessment of severity frequency of shampooing using specific ingredients is advised.
  • Depending on the type of dandruff cream applications are advised which can be at times overnight.
  • To strengthen the hairs which are deprived of nutrition due to dandruff multiminerals can be prescribed.

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Dandruff is one of the conditions which cannot be cured but if it can be controlled for a long time with the help of the treatment suggested by the trichologist it is as good as curing it.

Once the treatment is initiated the patient needs to visit the trichologist regularly to ensure that it is come under control along with that the patient also needs to make follow-up visits regularly.

Though not necessary but generally it is observed that there are three likely stages of the dandruff and this is what will get revealed through this article.

Dandruff Solutions At Stage 1 – At this stage the scaling is to a minor level and it causes irritation to the scalp.

It is highly recommended that one should visit the trichologist as soon as you reach on this stage as more you delay with the treatment of dandruff it becomes really difficult to treat the same.

Dandruff Solutions At Stage 2 – Due to the scaling it so happens that the scalp secretes a fluid which leads to the sticking of scales to the scalp giving it a yellowish and waxy appearance.

This could be one of the reactions of the scalp to scaling and it is not necessary that one has to pass through this stage before reaching the stage three. It is highly recommended that one should visit a trichologist to get the dandruff under control or else it may go into really advanced stage.

Dandruff Solutions At Stage 3 – Further the dandruff can spread to the areas like the head, hairline or the margins of the scalp, front of the chest and the back as well.

It you have reached such an advanced stage of dandruff then it recommended that along with the right externals you may also require to take certain internal food supplements to reduce the activity in the body which is causing the dandruff problem. This can be best suggested to you by the tricholgist after examining you.

Normally it is really important for one to know that which stage does the dandruff belong to so that the treatment can started accordingly by the trichologist.

It is also very important for one to know the type of dandruff that one has as it also helps to guide the treatment by the trichologist. So to get the right treatment for your dandruff you should visit your trichologist and get your scalp examined physically as well as with the help of a capilloscope.

This examination would further help the trichologist to give you the right treatment.

If you want to know more about Dandruff treatment, remedies and solution and Remedies, Treatment and Solution for hair problems then make sure to consult a trichologist as soon as possible.

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Dandruff, is the commonest of all the complaints a Trichologist always encounters. The shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp is called as Dandruff. Dandruff occurs due to an imbalance between cell regeneration and cell shedding.

Factors contributing to Dandruff
1) Poor scalp hygiene.

2) Severe stress.

3) Continuously working under the arc lights.

4) Allergy to cosmetics.

5) Wrong grooming habits.

Dandruff is linked with many myths which are obviously wrong.

MYTH #1 – Dandruff is more common in people with dry scalp.

FACT – Absolutely wrong! Dry scalp simply proves lack of moisture or oil and it may lead to small dry flakes but these flakes does not count to dandruff. This is because dandruff flakes are larger in size, white in color and oily.

MYTH #2 – Dandruff is contagious.

FACT – Probably you don’t like to sit with a person having white flakes on his/her shirt but calling that disease communicable is absolutely not fair. Dandruff can never spread from one person to another.

MYTH #3 – Only adults have dandruff.

FACT – If you are below 12 then you may be right in thinking so but teenagers need to revive their thinking. Dandruff typically occurs during the teenage years. Today, over 50% of the teenagers are a patient to dandruff.

MYTH #4 – Blow drying reduces dandruff.

FACT – Blow drying may make your hair look beautiful on a particular night but it only damages your hair in the long run. It never contributes in the reduction of dandruff.

MYTH #5 – Baldness and dandruff go hand in hand.

FACT – This is the most common understanding among people that dandruff is the only cause for hair fall. However this has never been proved. They may occur simultaneously but the fact that one is the reason for the other is a misconception till now.

MYTH #6 – Dandruff is seasonal.

FACT – You would have hated a particular season if this was so. But the fact is dandruff can occur in all seasons. Extreme conditions like acute heat or cold are a reason for aggravation of dandruff condition.

There are major variants of Dandruff, which are
A) Seborrheic dermatitis/Pityriasis Capitis-

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common, inflammatory skin condition that causes flaky, white to yellowish scales to form on oily areas such as the scalp or inside the ear. It can occur with or without reddened skin. In general, symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis include– Skin lesions, Plaques over large area, greasy, oily areas of skin, Skin scales — white and flaking, or yellowish, oily, and adherent — “dandruff”, Itching — may become itchier if infected, Mild redness, Hair loss.

The cause of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown. It is thought to result from a combination of factors. One factor is the sebum level, which accounts for the fact that this condition occurs more commonly in adolescents when sebaceous glands are most active.

Seborrheic dermatitis can occur in infants younger than three months (cradle cap) and it causes a thick, oily, yellowish crust around the hairline and on the scalp.

B) Psoriasis – Psoriasis is a chronic, autoimmune disease that appears on the skin. The name psoriasis is from Ancient Greek, meaning roughly “itching condition.” Psoriasis can appear anywhere on the skin. When it forms on the scalp, it is often called scalp psoriasis .Scalp psoriasis can extend beyond the scalp. It can appear on the forehead. Sometimes, it extends to the back of the neck or appears behind the ears. Fingernails can show pitting (pinprick holes) or are separated from the nail bed.

Environmental factors are known to trigger it. Such a factor could be

1) Stress.

2) Common infections.

3) Trauma.

4) Physical agents. (e.g., HIV infection, alcoholism, smoking Etc.)

C) Pityriasis amiantacea (also known as “Tinea amiantacea”) is an eczematous condition of the scalp resulting in hair loss in which thick tenaciously adherent scale infiltrates and surrounds the base of a group of scalp hairs. Pityriasis amiantacea affects the scalp as shiny asbestos-like (amiantaceus) thick scales attached in layers to the hair shaft. The scales surround and bind down tufts of hair. The condition can be localized or covering over the entire scalp. Temporary alopecia and scarring alopecia may occur due to repeated removal of hairs attached to the scale. Pityriasis amiantacea can easily be misdiagnosed due its close resemblance to other scalp diseases such as psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis.

Dandruff And The Factors Contributing It. Though the person’s entire body surface sheds the dead skin cells regularly and so do the skin of the scalp it is never visible to the naked eyes normally.When this process of shedding of the dead skin cells become visible to the naked eyes it is termed as dandruff.

The different factors that can actually aggravate the dandruff problem are mentioned below so go through them thoroughly and make sure that you avoid them so that the scalp stays free from dandruff problems as without following this the treatment for dandruff is incomplete.

Factor 1 – Excessive use of hair sprays and gels can lead to dandruff.

One should stay away from all these products especially if their scalp is prone to dandruff problems. You can meet your trichologist and use only those products on the scalp which is suitable to your scalp needs and this can be best understood by the trichologist by properly examining your scalp physically as well as with the capilloscope.

So while you are following the treatment for dandruff make sure to avoid these.

Factor 2 – If the chemical products like the hair coloring agents are not used properly then one may face dandruff problems.

It is really important to stay away from these chemical products as far as possible as it does not only damage the hair shaft but it is also known to damage the scalp in the long run.

While you are on the treatment for dandruff you need to avoid them.

Factor 3 – The hot hair dryers if used excessively can give dandruff problems.

So avoid them as much as possible while following a treatment for dandruff.

Factor 4 – Weather conditions like the cold and dry or the hot and humid conditions can also cause dandruff problems.

So you need to take special care during this time with the help of your trichologist. During this period make sure to meet your trichologist regularly so that the hair care regime can be changed based on your scalp needs.

For people who get exposed to these conditions should follow the dandruff treatment under the supervision of a hair specialist.

Factor 5 – Infrequent shampooing of the hair and wearing tight scarves and the hats also leads to dandruff problems.

Avoid these practices while doing treatment for dandruff.

Factor 6 – Stress, anxiety and tension to a very great extent can also lead to dandruff problems.

Following a distressing activity will be helpful to a great extentas a part of treatment for dandruff.

Factor 7 – Improper hair care regime and poor scalp hygiene can lead to dandruff problems.

You can get more inputs on this with the help of the trichologist who guides you on the treatment for dandruff.

Once you get to know all of these aggravating factors you can rule out all of these one by one so that the treatment of dandruff can give you the best results.To know more about Treatment and Remedies For Dandruff as well as best shampoo, remedies, treatments and cure for hair loss due to dandruff make sure to consult a trichologist as soon as possible.